Photo Gallery


A replica of a hastily built fort stands today at the Ninety Six National Historic Park.  Reenactors demonstrate how the Whig defenders held back Loyalist forces in the first battle of the American Revolution in the South that occurred 18-22 November 1775 in the backcountry community of Ninety Six. The battle is described in Chapter 5 of "A Passel of Trouble."



The first southerner to lose his life in the struggle for American Independence was James Birmingham at the first battle at Ninety Six, South Carolina, on 18 November 1775.  He was among about 500 Whig militia and Rangers contesting about 1,800 Loyalist militia in a three-day battle that ended in a stalemate with both sides withdrawing from the town.  David Fanning, then a 19-year old sergeant, fought for the Loyalist. 


Benjamin's grave is located at the battle site in the Ninety Six National Historic Park.






Revolutionary War reenactor Eric Williams demonstrates colonial medical practices during an event at the Ninety Six National Historic Park in South Carolina.  A retired National Park Service ranger, Eric provided historical insight during the research of "A Passel of Trouble."

The house (ca. 1770) was owned by Philip Alston, whose band of colonists seeking independence from Britain was attacked here in 1781 during the American Revolution by British loyalists led by David Fanning. There is an reenactment of the battle at the site near the 30 July anniversary date of the attack.


Later, four-term governor Benjamin Williams lived in the house, which now features antiques of the colonial and Revolutionary War eras.  Original bullet holes from the battle can be seen today.


The fight at the House in the Horseshoe is described in Chapter 35 of "A Passel of Trouble."


Carts of burning hay were often used by partisan fighters to set an opponent's home on fire.   This technique is demonstrated each summer during the annual reenactment of the battle at the House in the Horseshoe.


The original house still stands at the North Carolina State House in the Horseshoe historic park.

Governor John Burke and his senior officers were held captive in the original Spring Meeting House during the battle at nearby Lindley Mill in which the North Carolina patriot militia tried unsuccessfully to free the Governor.  The captives were marched on to Wilmington and British prisons.


This Quaker house of worship was founded in the early 1770s by Thomas Lindley and is still serves area Quakers today in southern Alamance County near the Chatham County line.  Nearby Lindley Mill continues to operate today by members of the Lindley family.